UNITED NATIONS (AP) — Iraq’s escalating violence can no longer be separated from the civil war in neighboring Syria because “the battlefields are merging,” the U.N. envoy to Iraq warned Tuesday.
Martin Kobler told the U.N. Security Council that Iraqi armed groups have an increasingly active presence in Syria. As a result, he said, the Syrian conflict is no longer just spilling over into Iraq, but Iraqis are reportedly taking arms against each other inside Syria, he said.
“These countries are interrelated,” Kobler stressed. “Iraq is the fault line between the Shia and the Sunni world and everything which happens in Syria, of course, has repercussions on the political landscape in Iraq.”
Kobler said the last four months have been among the bloodiest in Iraq in the last five years with nearly 3,000 people killed and over 7,000 injured. He said the perpetrators are taking advantage of the ongoing political stalemate in the country and the Syrian conflict, which began in March 2011 and has killed over 93,000 people.
Kobler did not give any figures of Iraqis killed in fighting in Iraq but warned that the violence in both countries “could easily spiral out of control if not urgently addressed.”
What’s critically important, he said, is to address the roots of the conflict in Iraq and find a political solution to the civil war in Syria.
As of July 7, he said more than 160,000 Syrian refugees have been registered in Iraq, mainly in the northern Kurdistan region. He appealed to the Iraqi government to reopen the border to Syrians seeking protection.
Kobler said there are two main “drivers” behind the increase in sectarian violence in Iraq — a perception of “marginalization” by Sunnis in the region and Iraqis trying to to go to Syria to fight, “which plays into the Iraqi politics.”
Last month, Iraq’s Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari told AP that the Iraq-Syria border even before the Syrian conflict was “troubled,” and the Americans helped build trenches to enhance border security. But he said the border is still “quite open for movement of terrorist groups, or weapons.”
Kobler, who was addressing the Security Council for the last time on Iraq before taking up his new post as the U.N. special representative in Congo, stressed the importance of pursuing the U.N. mission’s mandate to promote national reconciliation in Iraq where Shiites dominate Sunnis, Kurds and other minorities.
He said the instability has seriously affected human rights, with one-third of children deprived of many basic services and fundamental rights and minorities being targeted for murder and kidnapping for ransom.
Looking back on his two years in Iraq, Kobler said “major bloodshed” was averted after lengthy negotiations that led to the relocation of an Iranian exile group that opposes Tehran’s clerical regime to a new camp, where security remains a problem.
He welcomed Germany and Albania’s agreement to resettle over 300 residents, and appealed to all U.N. member states to take in the more than 3,000 other members of the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, known as the MEK.
Kobler expressed increasing concern at human rights abuses in Camp Liberty, citing reports from some residents that camp leaders are keeping residents from leaving, from participating in the resettlement process, from contacting family members outside Iraq, and from medical treatment.
Supporters of the MEK demonstrated outside U.N. headquarters on Tuesday calling for guaranteed rights for MEK refugees in Iraq, condemning Kobler, and calling Camp Liberty a prison.